Quick start on GPS time series analysis

Entering ipyacs for interactive analysis


should return:

Python 3.7.1 (default, Dec 14 2018, 13:28:58)
Type 'copyright', 'credits' or 'license' for more information
IPython 7.9.0 -- An enhanced Interactive Python. Type '?' for help.
-- Welcome to pyacs interactive environment -- version  0.02
- Importing pyacs core module
- Importing pyacs.gts module
- Importing class Velocity_Field from pyacs.lib.vel_field module as vf
- Importing numpy as np
- Importing matplotlib.pyplot as plt
- Importing pyacs.lib.astrotime as at
- Importing pyacs.lib.coordinates as coo
- Trying to read time series files
-- Reading directory:  .
-- No PYACS pck file found
-- No pride pos files found
-- No pride_files found
-- No mb_files found
-- No tdp_files found
-- No kenv file found
-- No cats file found
-- No Gamit/Globk pos file found
-- No pyacs t_xyz file found
-- No Gamit/Globk track NEU file found
-- read  0  time series in directory  .

pyacs has tried to read everything it could. The resulting loaded time series are stored in a Sgts (Super Geodetic Time Series) instance called ts. Here ts is empty (yet).

Loading a time series from UNR

In [1]: ts.append(Gts().get_unr('ALBH'))

This command appends a geodetic time series to the ts. Gts() creates an empty time series, which is then fed with the data downloaded from the UNR.

Visualizing time series

To visualize an individual time series:

In [2]: ts.ALBH.plot()

Individual Gts (Geodetic Time Series) are store as attribute of ts and are accessed through ts.XXXX. plot is a method applying to Gts instances.

Detrending time series

Detrending is simply achieved applying the detrend() method to the Gts instance ts.QUEM:

In [3]: detrended_ALBH=ts.ALBH.detrend()
In [4]: detrended_ALBH.plot()

Using pyacs’help

For any function, help is available from the command line of the interactive environment:

In [5]: help(ts.ALBH.plot)

Press q to exit from the help environment. Selecting a specific period [2008.0, 2010.0] and highlighting two periods [[2008.1,2008.7],[2009.6,2009.8]] can be simply obtained:

In [6]: ts.ALBH.plot(date=[2008.0, 2010.0],lperiod=[[2008.1,2008.7],[2009.6,2009.8]])

Chaining methods

In general, a method applied on a Gts instance will return a new Gts so that various methods can be successively applied:


The line above does:

  • select the 0.5% largest residuals of the detrended time series; returns a new Gts

  • plot the returned Gts; returns the Gts

  • remove the flagged outliers; returns a new time series with the outliers removed

  • plot the new time series